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一個時代結束了 蘋果宣佈喬布斯去世


蘋果公司宣佈,蘋果創辦人之一、前行政總裁喬布斯病逝,終年56歲。喬布斯近年健康轉差,患上胰臟癌及接受接肝手術,體重下降,曾多次請病假,到8月尾宣佈辭任蘋果行政總裁,改任主席職務,到美國時間星期三去世。蘋果剛於昨日公佈推出升級版智能手機iPhone4S。


以下是蘋果董事會發佈的悼詞全文:

我們今天沉痛宣告史蒂夫・喬布斯逝世。
喬布斯才華出眾,充滿激情與活力,他是數不清的創新之源,這些創新豐富和改善了人們的生活。因為史蒂夫,世界變得更加美好的程度是不可估量的。
他偉大的愛留給了他的妻子勞倫和他的家庭,謹向他們,向所有被他超凡天賦觸動的人們聊表心意。


蘋果官方網站介紹

史蒂夫・喬布斯 1955-2011
蘋果失去了一位有遠見和創意頻出的天才,世界失去了一位出色的人類。我們當中很榮幸能與史蒂夫相知共事的那些人失去了一位親愛的朋友和一位鼓舞人心的導師。史蒂夫留下的是一家只有他可以建造的公司,他的精神將永遠是蘋果的根基。

以下為喬布斯的生平


個人資料:

出生日期:1955年2月24日
出生地:舊金山
全名:Steven Paul Jobs
養父母: Paul machinist和Clara (Hagopian) Jobs
親生父母:Joanne Schieble和Abdulfattah Jandali(都是教師)
婚姻:Laurene (Powell) Jobs (1991年3月18日至今)
與Laurene的孩子:Eve、Erin和Reed
與Chrisann Brennan的孩子(非婚生): Lisa Brennan-Jobs (1978年)
教育程度:1972年俄勒岡州里德學院一學期
宗教:禪宗佛教
其它情況:
高中期間,喬布斯請William Hewlett(惠普聯合創始人)提供一些零部件以完成他的手工作業。惠普為喬布斯提供了一個實習機會。
在1997年重返蘋果後,喬布斯年薪為1美元。
喬布斯追查他的親生父母時發現,他的妹妹是小說家Mona Simpson。
喬布斯在高中時見到了日後成為蘋果聯合創始人的Steve Wozniak,那年喬布斯13歲,Wozniak18歲。


喬布斯大事表:

1972:高中畢業,進入裡德學院,一個學期後輟學。
1974:在雅達利工作,同年離開前往印度旅行。
1976: 在車庫與Steve Wozniak一起創立了蘋果,推出了Apple I。
1977: 與Wozniak一起推出了Apple II。
1980: 蘋果推出了Apple III。
1983: Apple Lisa電腦推出,以喬布斯的女兒Lisa命名。
1984: 蘋果推出 Macintosh。
1985: 因與管理層的分歧離開蘋果,隨後創立了電腦公司NeXT。
1986: 喬布斯收購了皮克斯動畫工作室。
1996: 將NeXT出售給蘋果,重返蘋果擔任顧問。
1997: 被任命為蘋果臨時CEO。
1998: 蘋果推出iMac。
2000: 喬布斯成為蘋果永久CEO。
2001: 蘋果推出iPod,到2007年iPod市場份額已達70%。
2003年4月28日:推出iTunes商店,到2010年1月,90億首歌通過iTunes購買。
2003年7月:披頭士樂隊所創的蘋果唱片公司起訴蘋果的iTunes網站侵犯其商標權,該訴訟與2007年解決。
2003: 喬布斯被診斷出患有胰腺癌。
2004年7月31日: 手術且切除癌症腫瘤。
2005年4月: 喬布斯入選時代雜誌100位最具影響力人物。
2006:皮克斯與迪士尼合併,喬布斯成為迪士尼董事會成員。
2006年4月1日:蘋果慶祝30週年。
2007年1月9日:喬布斯在Macworld大會上推出了iPhone。
2008: 推出了 MacBook Air。
2008年6月27日:前蘋果股東對喬布斯和一些蘋果董事會成員發起集體訴訟,稱他們參與倒填股票期權授權日期,涉嫌欺詐投資者。蘋果承認在1997年至2002年存在6428份倒填期權日期問題,並為此計入了8400萬美元的費用。
2008年8月28日:彭博社意外發佈喬布斯的訃告。
2009年1月5日:喬布斯發公告駁斥健康傳言,稱過去幾年變瘦是因為「荷爾蒙失調」。
2009年1月14日:喬布斯宣佈將休病假直到2009年6月底。喬布斯對健康問題未作詳細說明,只說比想像中的複雜。
2009年6月20日:華爾街日報報道,喬布斯在2009年4月進行了肝臟移植。這次手術被田納西州孟菲斯市的衛理公會大學醫院在2009年6月23日證實。
2009年6月29日:蘋果發言人Steve Dowling宣佈喬布斯已重返工作崗位。
2010年1月27日:喬布斯推出iPad。
2011年1月:喬布斯再次休病假。
2011年3月2日:喬布斯發佈iPad 2,受到起立歡迎。
2011年6月6日:在全球開發者大會上,喬布斯發佈iCloud。其他蘋果高管展示了OS-X Lion和 iOS-4。
2011年8月:蘋果和埃克森美孚爭奪美國市值最大公司寶座,市值分別為3450億美元和3500億美元。
2011年8月24日:喬布斯辭去蘋果CEO職位,但宣佈將擔任董事會主席。蒂姆・庫克接任CEO。
2011年10月5日:喬布斯逝世

[spoiler title="英文版本"]Steve Jobs, the visionary in the black turtleneck who co-founded Apple in a Silicon Valley garage, built it into the world’s leading tech company and led a mobile-computing revolution with wildly popular devices such as the iPhone, died Wednesday. He was 56.

The hard-driving executive pioneered the concept of the personal computer and of navigating them by clicking onscreen images with a mouse. In more recent years, he introduced the iPod portable music player, the iPhone and the iPad tablet — all of which changed how we consume content in the digital age.

More than one pundit, praising Jobs’ ability to transform entire industries with his inventions, called him a modern-day Leonardo Da Vinci.

“Steve Jobs is one of the great innovators in the history of modern capitalism,” New York Times columnist Joe Nocera said in August. “His intuition has been phenomenal over the years.”

Jobs’ death, while dreaded by Apple’s legions of fans, was not unexpected. He had battled cancer for years, took a medical leave from Apple in January and stepped down as chief executive in August because he could “no longer meet (his) duties and expectations.”

Born February 24, 1955, and then adopted, Jobs grew up in Cupertino, California — which would become home to Apple’s headquarters — and showed an early interest in electronics. As a teenager, he phoned William Hewlett, president of Hewlett-Packard, to request parts for a school project. He got them, along with an offer of a summer job at HP.

Jobs dropped out of Oregon’s Reed College after one semester, although he returned to audit a class in calligraphy, which he says influenced Apple’s graceful, minimalist aesthetic. He quit one of his first jobs, designing video games for Atari, to backpack across India and take psychedelic drugs. Those experiences, Jobs said later, shaped his creative vision.

“You can’t connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future,” he told Stanford University graduates during a commencement speech in 2005. “You have to trust in something: your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.”

While at HP, Jobs befriended Steve Wozniak, who impressed him with his skill at assembling electronic components. The two later joined a Silicon Valley computer hobbyists club, and when he was 21, Jobs teamed with Wozniak and two other men to launch Apple Computer Inc.

It’s long been Silicon Valley legend: Jobs and Wozniak built their first commercial product, the Apple 1, in Jobs’ parents’ garage in 1976. Jobs sold his Volkswagen van to help finance the venture. The primitive computer, priced at $666.66, had no keyboard or display, and customers had to assemble it themselves.

The following year, Apple unveiled the Apple II computer at the inaugural West Coast Computer Faire. The machine was a hit, and the personal computing revolution was under way.

Jobs was among the first computer engineers to recognize the appeal of the mouse and the graphical interface, which let users operate computers by clicking on images instead of writing text.

Apple’s pioneering Macintosh computer launched in early 1984 with a now-iconic, Orwellian-themed Super Bowl ad. The boxy beige Macintosh sold well, but the demanding Jobs clashed frequently with colleagues, and in 1986, he was ousted from Apple after a power struggle.

Then came a 10-year hiatus during which he founded NeXT Computer, whose pricey, cube-shaped computer workstations never caught on with consumers.

Jobs had more success when he bought Pixar Animation Studios from George Lucas before the company made it big with “Toy Story.” Jobs brought the same marketing skill to Pixar that he became known for at Apple. His brief but emotional pitch for “Finding Nemo,” for example, was a masterful bit of succinct storytelling.

In 1996, Apple bought NeXT, returning Jobs to the then-struggling company he had co-founded. Within a year, he was running Apple again — older and perhaps wiser but no less of a perfectionist. And in 2001, he took the stage to introduce the original iPod, the little white device that transformed portable music and kick-started Apple’s furious comeback.

Thus began one of the most remarkable second acts in the history of business. Over the next decade, Jobs wowed launch-event audiences, and consumers, with one game-changing hit after another: iTunes (2003), the iPhone (2007), the App Store (2008), and the iPad (2010).

Observers marveled at Jobs’ skills as a pitchman, his ability to inspire godlike devotion among Apple “fanboys” (and scorn from PC fans) and his “one more thing” surprise announcements. Time after time, he sold people on a product they didn’t know they needed until he invented it. And all this on an official annual salary of $1.

He also built a reputation as a hard-driving, mercurial and sometimes difficult boss who oversaw almost every detail of Apple’s products and rejected prototypes that didn’t meet his exacting standards.

By the late 2000s, his once-renegade tech company, the David to Microsoft’s Goliath, was entrenched at the uppermost tier of American business. Apple now operates more than 300 retail stores in 11 countries. The company has sold more than 275 million iPods, 100 million iPhones and 25 million iPads worldwide.

Jobs’ climb to the top was complete in summer 2011, when Apple listed more cash reserves than the U.S. Treasury and even briefly surpassed Exxon Mobil as the world’s most valuable company.

But Jobs’s health problems sometimes cast a shadow over his company’s success. In 2004, he announced to his employees that he was being treated for pancreatic cancer. He lost weight and appeared unusually gaunt at keynote speeches to Apple developers, spurring concerns about his health and fluctuations in the company’s stock price. One wire service accidentally published Jobs’ obituary.

Jobs had a secret liver transplant in 2009 in Tennessee during a six-month medical leave of absence from Apple. He took another medical leave in January this year. Perhaps mindful of his legacy, he cooperated on his first authorized biography, scheduled to be published by Simon & Schuster in November.

Jobs is survived by his wife of 20 years, Laurene, and four children, including one from a prior relationship.

He always spoke with immense pride about what he and his engineers accomplished at Apple.

“Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do,” he told the Stanford grads in 2005.

“If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on.”[/spoiler]

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