FoL_奶酪(=芝士) vs 黃油(=牛油) vs 奶油

Cheese vs Butter vs Cream

Fermented dairy products may protect against heart attack !

Milk and dairy foods are healthy foods and considered nutrient-rich because they serve as good sources of calcium and vitamin D as well as protein and other essential nutrients. A new study by the University of Eastern Finland has now suggested that men who eat plenty of fermented dairy products have a smaller risk of incident coronary heart disease.

The new study provides further evidence on the health benefits that fermented dairy products may have over non-fermented ones. All the mechanisms are not understood yet, but they may be linked to compounds forming during the fermentation process.

Cheese : 奶酪 = 芝士

奶酪的由來和大多食品一樣有個Happy Accident。當時的人們常把動物的胃做成水袋來裝水或者牛奶。在偶然的機會,有人驚訝地發現袋子裏的牛奶變成了一坨半固體狀的東西和一些半透明的液體。好奇心讓他沒有把這袋牛奶扔掉,而是鼓起勇氣嘗了下這塊固體,發現居然別有一番風味。聽起來,倒是有點像我國腐乳的誕生,要知道兩者都是發酵而來,不過一個是豆製品,一個是奶製品而已。

Butter : 牛油/黃油

除了認清(奶酪=芝士)外,還有種和奶酪外觀相似且原料都是牛奶的食品,那就是黃油。在烹飪西式料理的時候,橄欖油適合蔬菜料理,而黃油的脂肪性特質最適合搭配肉類。黃油和奶酪的製作提取雖然都是牛奶,但一個是脂肪提純,一個是蛋白提純。脂肪提純後的黃油和牛排搭配煎制,能完美呈現牛排的嫩美。不過黃油含脂量過高,相對來說還是奶酪比較健康!

Cream : 稀奶油
濃奶油 vs 純煉奶 vs 甜煉奶

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